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Schemes of Work

CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS

INTRODUCTION

The current global trend towards the education of children with special needs is inclusive as opposed to exclusion where these children were confined in their own special institutions. Inclusive education gained more recognition after the Salamanca statement and framework for action which was adopted at the Worlds conference on special needs education in 1994. Inclusive education acknowledges that all children can learn that ail need some form of support in learning, it is also about changing attitudes, behaviours, teaching methods, curricula and environments to meet the needs of all children, The handbook therefore will guide the users on how to identify children with special needs in each specific category and on how to assist the individual child and the materials to use. However, it should be noted that the information is not exhaustive as it has captured only the four areas which can easily be identified at the ECDE centre for more information the reader should refer to Early Childhood Development Manual on children with special nee .s which covers all categories of children with special needs

The following general information is important for teachers working with children with special needs;

1.    Be kind and friendly to learners with special needs and advise other learners in the class/centre to do the same

2.    Take time to counsel the whole class/centre to have positive attitude towards children with special needs

3.    Treat the child/children as worthwhile and competent just like their colleagues

4.    Encourage learners with special needs to participate in as many activities as possible including the extra-curricular

5.    Encourage interaction of children with special needs with other children by giving them appropriate tasks and responsibilities in order to enhance a feeling of sameness.

6.    Assign and encourage other children to help learners with special needs when needs arises

7. Design individualized educational programmes for such learners