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Kiswahili Notes

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Kiswahili Notes

Katika somo hili la matamshi, tutashughulikia vitate na vitanza ndimi.Vitate ni maneno yanayotatiza kimatamshi.Utatanishi huu unatokana na; kukaribiana kimatamshi kwa sauti fulani.Mfano. posa poza.Mtamkaji kuathiriwa na lugha ya kwanza au lugha nyine;Mfano. mahali /mahari

Vitate

Vitanza ndimi

Sikiliza vitanza ndimi vifuatavyo kisha uvitamke.

Sitasitasita kusisitiza kuwa sita na sita si sita.

 Vazi alilovua alivaa baada ya kulifua likamfaa sana.

Makoti Alikoti alipohukumiwa, alipiga magoti na kulivua koti kortini.

Juzijuzi mjuzi jasusi alikutana na mjusi akienda kumuona mchuuzi akichuuza mchuzi. Himizo

Tazama na kusikiliza mazungumzo

A na B katika video hii. Tambua matukio yote katika shughuli hizi mbili.

Video A

Marafiki wawili wamekutana mtaani baada ya muda mrefu. Haya ni mazungumzo ya kirafiki kuhusu maisha yao ya hapo awali na ambavyo yameendelea.

Video B

Kuna mazungumzo kati ya wakulima wawili wanaokutana katika kituo cha malipo. Wanazungumza juu ya mavuno haba na malipo duni waliyopata kutokana na hali mbaya ya anga.

Soma mazungumzo yafuatayo kisha ujibu maswali.(Mwalimu na mwanafunzi wako nje ya sebule ya walimu)

Mwanafunzi: Shikamoo mwalimu.

Mwalimu : Marahaba! U hali gani ?

Mwanafunzi: Sina neno mwalimu ila ningependa kuomba msaada wako kuhusu hotuba na mazungumzo.

Mwalimu : Shida yenyewe ni ipi?

Mwanafunzi: Aaa;Aa;nimeshindwa kubaini tofauti kati ya vipengele hivi viwili.

Mwalimu : (Akionyesha kushangaa) Lo! Kwani jana hukuwepo darasani tukijadili mambo haya?

Mwanafunzi: Samahani mwalimu nilikuwa hospitalini kwa matibabu.

Mwalimu : Pole, Utapata nafuu.

Mwanafunzi : Ahsante, nishapoa.

Mwalimu : Tofauti kuu kati ya hotuba na mazungumzo ni kwamba hotuba huwasilishwa na mtu mmoja kwa hadhira fulani nayo mazungumzo ni maongezi kati ya watu wawili au zaidi. Hotuba huchukua umbo la maelezo kuhusu jambo fulani ilhali mazungumzo huchukua umbo la kitamthilia.

Mwanafunzi : Ahsante mwalimu, kunazo tofauti zine?

Mwalimu : Ndiyo, lugha inayotumiwa katika hotuba huwa na urasmi fulani, mazungumzo hutegemea muktadha. Lugha inayotumika hotelini haina urasmi ilhali ile itumikayo ofisini huwa na urasimu. mazungumzo katika hoteli,hospitali,kituo cha polisi na kadhalika.

Mwanafunzi :(Anatabasamu) Nashukuru sana

Mwalimu. Hakika umenitoa gizani.

Mwalimu : Karibu. Nenda darasani udurusu zaidi.

SIFA ZA MAZUNGUMZO

Nyimbo Wimbo ni utungo ulioundwa kwa maneno au sauti zilizoteuliwa kisanii na zenye utaratibu wa kimuziki.Sauti hizo hupanda na kushuka na kuibusha hisia fulani kwa mwimbaji na msikilizaji. Nyimbo hazizingatii kaida zote za ushairi kama ilivyo katika mashairi halisi.

WIMBO WA TAIFA

Umesikia na kuona nini ? Huu ni wimbo wa Taifa la Kenya, unaoimbwa katika shughuli rasmi za kitaifa kama vile :-katika sherehe na shughuli za kitaifa na kimataifa -wakati wa kupandisha bendera katika shule, vyuo na taasisi mbalimbali

umuhimu wa wimbo wa taifa la Kenya hutambulisha taifa letu huibua hisia za uzalendo hukuza umoja hukuza na kuendeleza utamaduni ni ombi kwa Maulana hufunza maadili huzindua wananchi

KUSIKILIZA NA KUZUNGUMZA

Kusikiliza na kuzungumza ni stadi zinazoshirikisha shughuli za kimawasiliano na kimaingiliano kwa sababu mbalimbali katika miktadha tofauti tofauti na mazingira halisi.Katika kusikiliza na kuzungumza, matamshi yafaayo ni muhimu. Ufunzaji na ujifunzaji wa stadi hizi humpa mwanafunzi nyenzo za kuwasiliana, kuingiliana na kutagusana ili kutimiza mahitaji mbalimbali. Kwa mfano:

  1. Kujuliana hali
  2. Kupasha ujumbe
  3. Kuelimisha
  4. Kuelekeza
  5. Kuzindua/Kuhamasisha

Kuonya/kutahadharisha

7. Kuhimiza/kushawishi

8. Kuliwaza

9. Kutatua mizozo katika jamii

10 Kutumbuiza

Hitimisho Imetambulika wazi kuwa stadi ya kusikiliza na kuzungumza itakufaa sana maishani!

UTANGULIZI

Katika somo hili la matamshi, tutashughulikia vitate na vitanza ndimi.Vitate ni maneno yanayotatiza kimatamshi.Utatanishi huu unatokana na;

* kukaribiana kimatamshi kwa sauti fulani.Mfano. posa ?poza.

 Mtamkaji kuathiriwa na lugha ya kwanza au lugha nyine;Mfano. mahali /mahari

 

 

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